Combining regenerative and classical fossil energy sources is a major issue to be addressed in order to find solutions to the challenges of modern societies with respect to technology advances and low carbon footprint at the same time. Fossil energy sources will remain on the tableau due to their energy density and the mobility of combustion engines for cars, power trains, aviation, space and energy cogeneration, but only an efficient and low fuel usage will allow those to contribute to a low carbon footprint mix of energy. Laser-based ignition is believed to be a major contributor to efficient fossil fuel usage and thus a lower carbon footprint of mankind due to the variability and shape-ability of laser pulses that replace the electric spark to ignite the gas-fuel mixture. But a number of technological challenges need to be proved before laser spark plugs can realistically be adopted.
1. Developments in laser & laser technologies - applications in laser ignition
- Micro solid-state photonics: advanced laser crystals, ceramics and micro-domain controlled materials;
- Giant micro-photonics: mega-watt class giant pulse generation, laser damages phenomena;
- High power devices: high power VCSELs, DFB and VBG based diodes, fiber and fiber lasers etc.
- Integration approaches for harsh environmental suitable laser systems.
2. Advanced ignition systems for transportation applications
3. Laser ignition systems for stationary natural gas engines
4. Laser ignition in aerospace applications
5. Measurement techniques for induced plasmas, ignition & combustion processes
6. Round table discussions - standardization, legislative, political and social-ethical challenges for laser ignition