OSA Anti-harassment Policy and Code of Conduct
OSA is committed to providing an environment that is conducive to the free and robust exchange of scientific ideas. This environment requires that all participants be treated with equal consideration and respect. While OSA encourages vigorous debate of ideas, personal attacks create an environment in which people feel threatened or intimidated. This is not productive and does not advance the cause of science. All participants in OSA and OSA-managed events and activities are therefore expected to conduct themselves professionally and respectfully.
It is the policy of The Optical Society that all forms of bullying, discrimination, and harassment, sexual or otherwise, are prohibited in any OSA or OSA-managed events or activities. This policy applies to every individual at the event, whether attendee, speaker, exhibitor, award recipient, staff, contractor or other. It is also a violation of this policy to retaliate against an individual for reporting bullying, discrimination or harassment or to intentionally file a false report of bullying, discrimination, or harassment.
Bullying, discrimination, and harassment of any sort by someone in a position of power, prestige or authority is particularly harmful since those of lower status or rank may be hesitant to express their objections or discomfort out of fear of retaliation.
OSA may take any disciplinary action it deems appropriate if, after thorough investigation, it finds a violation occurred.
What are Bullying, Discrimination, Harassment, and Retaliation?
For purposes of this policy, “Bullying”, “Discrimination”, “Harassment” (including “Sexual Harassment”), and “Retaliation” are defined as follows.
Bullying is the ongoing abuse and intentional mistreatment of one or more vulnerable persons or groups by a more powerful individual or group. Bullying consists of repeated verbal (name-calling, verbal attacks), physical (use of physical force or aggression), and/or social behavior (ostracism, exclusion, spreading rumors) that causes physical or psychological harm. Being “more powerful” may include being physically bigger or stronger, having more social status, or having influence over someone’s employment or professional advancement.
Discrimination is the unjust or prejudicial treatment of categories of people based on personal attributes such as race, sex, age, color, sexual orientation, body size, ethnic or national origin, disability, religion, marital status, veteran status, political affiliation, or other attributes not related to the merit of one’s work or scientific research or ideas.
Harassment consists of unwanted, unwelcomed, and uninvited behavior that demeans, threatens, or offends another and results in a hostile environment. Harassing behavior includes, but is not limited to, the use of epithets, derogatory comments or slurs, assault, stalking, impeding or blocking movement, threats of violence, offensive touching, any physical interference with normal work or movement, and visual insults, such as derogatory images, posters or cartoons. Harassment is often (but not always) based upon personal attributes such as race, sex, age, gender, color, sexual orientation, body size, ethnic or national origin, and disability.
Sexual harassment consists of harassing behavior based upon sex, gender, or sexual orientation. Sexual harassment includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors (often accompanied by overt or implied promises or threats relating to employment, professional advancement or recognition), lewd comments or images, or other verbal, visual or physical conduct of a sexual nature where such conduct creates an unreasonable, intimidating, hostile, or sexually offensive environment and may interfere with the target’s professional performance.
Retaliation consists of negative action or treatment towards someone who has reported bullying, discrimination, or harassment based upon such report. Retaliation may include terminating or demoting a reporting employee, excluding a reporting individual from work or professional activities, injuring a reporting individual’s professional or personal reputation, or unjustly demeaning a reporting individual’s work. Retaliation can be used as a method of bullying or harassment, but more importantly retaliation creates an environment that discourages victims and bystanders from reporting offensive behavior.
What should I do if I experience or witness bullying, discrimination, or harassment?
Individuals may be unaware that their conduct is offensive and are often willing to correct their behavior if so informed. If you experience or witness bullying, discrimination, or harassment and feel empowered to do so, you are encouraged to immediately inform the individual that their comments or behavior are unwelcome.
However, OSA understands that direct confrontation is not possible or advisable in every situation. Please note that you are not required to directly address or confront a person engaged in offensive behavior. If you do not feel comfortable addressing the violator, or if the violator continues the behavior after being advised that their conduct is unwelcome, you should report the incident.
How do I report an incident?
If you wish to report bullying, discrimination, or harassment you have witnessed or experienced, you may do so through the following methods:
You are also encouraged to write down as many relevant details as you can recall (e.g., names, dates, times, locations, behavior or statements made, etc.), which can be helpful in assisting any future investigation of the incident.
To ensure a fair and complete investigation, OSA cannot accept anonymous reports of bullying, discrimination or harassment. However, OSA is very sensitive to the potential ramifications of making a report and will maintain your confidentiality except where doing so would compromise another person’s rights or OSA’s ability to conduct a thorough investigation. In such cases, OSA will limit disclosure only to that information necessary to ensure proper investigation and compliance with procedures.
No retaliation will be taken or tolerated against anyone who makes a good faith report of bullying, discrimination, or harassment to OSA.
What happens if I report an incident?
Upon receiving a report of misconduct, OSA will conduct a prompt, thorough investigation, which will include speaking with all parties with knowledge of the incident, including the reporting individual, the alleged victim (if different from the reporting individual), any known witnesses, and the alleged offender.
An investigation will be led by OSA staff who are trained to conduct such inquiries. OSA’s head of Human Resources will lead the investigation, working in conjunction with the OSA General Counsel, as needed. No OSA member or volunteer will be involved in conducting the investigation. OSA may seek other legal or professional counsel as needed prior to recommending a decision and any follow-up actions to the OSA CEO, Executive Council, and/or Board. OSA may consult with the alleged victim and/or the reporting individual prior to taking any action.
If OSA finds that a violation of this policy has occurred, OSA may take any disciplinary action it deems appropriate, which may include suspension or ejection from an OSA activity or event without refund or recompense. Serious or repeated offenses may result in more significant consequences such as being banned from participation in future OSA events or volunteer activities, contacting the violator’s employer, termination of OSA membership, filing a report with law enforcement, etc. if applicable.
For any question about this policy, or OSA’s incident investigation process, remedial actions or appeals process, please contact OSA’s head of Human Resources, Genaro Montanez (email@example.com) or General Counsel, Bill Abruzzo (firstname.lastname@example.org).