OSA | Living History

The development of Bose-Einstein condensation in rubidium atoms.

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Bose-Einstein Condensate

As a cloud of rubidium atoms cooled, the Nobel Prize winning team at JILA captured the development of the Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC).

Before the BEC forms (left), the BEC appears (center), the nearly pure BEC (right). (Photo: NIST)

(Courtesy of NIST)