Solar Energy in a Sustainable World,
Steven Chu; Stanford University, USA
While virtually all the energy sources we use today including fossil energy, wind, fission, geothermal energy are ultimately derived from the sun, I will focus on the current status and future prospects of photovoltaic and solar thermal energy, as well as biofuels and the conversion sunlight/electricity to fuel.
Steven Chu is the William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor of Humanities and Sciences and Professor of Physics and Molecular & Cellular Physiology at Stanford University. His research program encompasses atomic physics, quantum electronics, energy and energy economics, and biophysics and biomedicine that tests fundamental theories in physics, the development of methods to laser cool and trap atoms, atom interferometry, and the study of polymers and biological systems at the single molecule level. For his work developing the theory of laser cooling of atoms, he was co-recipient the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1997.
From January 2009 until April 2013, Dr. Chu served as the 12th
U.S. Secretary of Energy, being the first scientist to hold a cabinet position. During his tenure, he began several innovative clean energy initiatives and was personally tasked by President Obama to assist BP in stopping the Deepwater Horizon oil leak in the Gulf of Mexico and to assist the Government of Japan with the tsunami-damaged nuclear reactors at Fukushima-Daiichi. Before his cabinet appointment he was a professor of physics and molecular and cellular biology at the University of California, Berkeley; director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; and, prior to that, the Theodore and Francis Geballe Professor of Physics and Applied Physics at Stanford University. Dr. Chu began his career as a member of the technical staff at AT&T Bell Laboratories, including serving as head of the Quantum Electronics Research Department. He earned both a BS in physics and an AB in mathematics from the University of Rochester and a PhD in physics from the University of California, Berkeley.
Dr. Chu is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Academia Sinica. He holds 10 patents and has published more than 250 scientific and technical papers. In addition to the Nobel Prize, he has won dozens of awards, including the Science for Art Prize, the Herbert Broida Prize for Spectroscopy, the King Faisal International Prize for Science, the Arthur Schawlow Prize for Laser Science, and the William Meggers Award for Laser Spectroscopy, and holds 23 honorary degrees.
James G. Anderson, Anderson Group, Harvard University, USA,
James G. Anderson was born in Spokane, Washington. He earned his B.S. in Physics from the University of Washington and his PhD in Physics and Astrogeophysics from the University of Colorado. He joined the faculty of Harvard University in 1978 as the Robert P. Burden Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry; in 1982 he was appointed the Philip S. Weld Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry. Anderson served as Chairman of the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology from July 1998 through June 2001. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a frequent contributor to National Research Council Reports. He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences Arthur L. Day Prize and Lectureship; the E.O. Lawrence Award in Environmental Science and Technology; the American Chemical Society’s Gustavus John Esselen Award for Chemistry in the Public Interest; and the University of Washington’s Arts and Sciences Distinguished Alumnus Achievement Award. In addition, he received the United Nations Vienna Convention Award for Protection of the Ozone Layer in 2005; The United Nations Earth Day International Award; Harvard University’s Ledlie Prize for Most Valuable Contribution to Science by a Member of the Faculty; and the American Chemical Society’s National Award for Creative Advances in Environmental Science and Technology.
The Anderson research group addresses three domains in the physical sciences: (1) chemical reactivity viewed from the microscopic perspective of electron structure, molecular orbitals and reactivities of radical-radical and radical-molecule systems; (2) chemical catalysis sustained by free radical chain reactions that dictate the macroscopic rate of chemical transformation in Earth’s stratosphere and troposphere; and (3) mechanistic links between chemistry, radiation, and dynamics in the atmosphere that control climate.
Recent Progress and Challenges of OLED Technologies Toward Next-generation Lighting,
Toshihiko Iwasaki, Konica Minolta, Japan
This presentation will provide an overview over the status of OLED lighting activities at KONICA MINOLTA and discuss advancement in OLED materials and systems. Iwasaki will also discuss the latest development results of all-phosphorescent white OLED device, progress on solution-processed OLED technologies, and the World’s first roll-to-roll OLED mass production using plastic substrate.
Toshihiko Iwasaki joined Konica Corporation (current KONICA MINOLTA, Inc.), Tokyo Japan in 1990 after his receiving M.S. degree in Chemical from Tokyo University of Science. He was working on the product development of photographic imaging materials and inkjet media from 1990 to 2005. He has been working on research and development of OLED since 2006. His current focus is the development of next-generation OLED lighting technologies for the evaporation process as well as the solution process. He recently presented the world's most efficient white OLED lighting panel using all-phosphorescent materials - at 139 lm/W, which is a major step forward for the realization of OLED lighting.
Martin Green, Australian Centre for Advanced Photovoltaics, School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of South Wales, Australia,
Martin Green is currently a Scientia Professor at the University of New South Wales and Director of the Australian National Energy Agency (ARENA) supported Centre for Advanced Photovoltaics. He was formerly a Director of CSG Solar, a company formed specifically to commercialize the University’s thin-film, polycrystalline-silicon-on-glass solar cell. His group's contributions to photovoltaics are well known including the development of the world’s highest efficiency silicon solar cells and the successes of several spin-off companies.He is the author of six books on solar cells and numerous papers in the area of semiconductors, microelectronics, optoelectronics and, of course, solar cells. International awards include the 1999 Australia Prize, the 2002 Right Livelihood Award (also known as the Alternative Nobel Prize), the 2004 World Technology Award for Energy and the 2007 SolarWorld Einstein Award.
Solar Optics is Hot in Mongolia and Dubai Short,
Roland Winston, University of California Merced, USA
The latest external CPC collector (XCPC) is being used in Mongolia and Dubai with great success. XCPC's offer a big cost advantage over solar collectors that require tracking mechanisms to follow the sun and they can also capture thermal energy on hazy or foggy days thanks to the wide-angle nonimaging optics design. In Ulaanbataar, one of the coldest cities on earth, with air quality best described as "smoke" high temperature operation was achieved during mid winter even in late afternoon. In Dubai, industrial scale operation was achieved at the largest sugar refinery in the world. We developed the XCPCs, which generate thermal energy by gathering and concentrating sunlight onto specially made collector tubes at the UC Solar Lab at UC Merced. UC Solar, brings together scientists and engineers from UC Berkeley, UC Davis, UC Irvine, UCLA, UC Merced, UC Riverside, UC San Diego, UC Santa Barbara and UC Santa Cruz in the quest to make solar the nation's cheapest, cleanest energy option.
Dr. Roland Winston is a Professor University of California, Merced and joined UC Merced in 2003 as a founding faculty member to create a world-class Renewable Energy Program at the University of California, Merced. Dr. Winston joined UC Merced from the University of Chicago where he taught and conducted research for 39 years. He serves as a Member of Technical Advisory Panel (TAP) of Solfocus, Inc. He served as a Member of Scientific Advisory Board at Shrink Technologies,