Propagation through and Characterization of Distributed Volume Turbulence and Atmospheric Phenomena

Propagation through and Characterization of Distributed Volume Turbulence and Atmospheric Phenomena

pcDVT is a forum for the presentation of research in the physics of light propagating through the atmosphere to include distributed volume turbulence,  gravity waves, vortex shedding, stably stratified turbulence, persistent eddies, and cloud /aerosol/vapor scattering and absorption, as well as characterization of these phenomena. 

In this forum, we discuss the physics of light propagating through the atmosphere to include not only distributed volume turbulence but also large scale meteorological phenomena such as gravity waves, vortex shedding, stably stratified turbulence, persistent eddies, and cloud /aerosol/vapor scattering and absorption. Since propagating through distributed volume turbulence and atmospheric phenomena is a new field of research, this forum expedites collaboration and cultivates a multidisciplinary exchange of information designed to expand our understanding of the full complexity and interactions of distributed volume effects, drawing upon the most recent results from the fields of boundary layer physics, fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, meteorology, adaptive optics, laser sciences and singular optics.  The forum highlights the creation of photonic orbital angular momentum in light propagating through distributed volume turbulence; a most interesting application of this research is to astrophysics, where this topical area is applied to turbulence assemblages of molecules or atoms (TAMA), molecular clouds and the interstellar medium.


  • Distributed volume turbulence:  Kolmogorov and non-Kolmogorov turbulence, Optical beam properties:  scintillation, phase variance, branch points, etc.
  • Turbulence-induced photonic orbital angular momentum: Turbulence-induced optical vortices, transmission and decoherence of OAM states, OAM Sensors
  • Meteorological phenomena: Refractive layers, boundary layer measurements, stratified turbulence, gravity waves, vortex shedding, large scale eddies, micro-meteorology, cloud/aerosol extinction
  • Atmospheric modeling and simulation: Multi-phenomena atmospheric characterization and computationally efficient methods to incorporate physically realistic characterization into M&S
  • Applications to astrophysics: The measurement of POAM and estimation of turbulence in protostellar clouds, circumstellar disks, stellar atmospheres, the ISM, and TAMA.
Sukanta Basu, North Carolina State UniversityUnited StatesEstimating Optical Turbulence in the Atmosphere Utilizing the Inherent Vertical Scaling Characteristics of Temperature Fields , Invited

Terry Brennan, Prime PlexusUnited StatesZero Crossing Features of Branch Point Phase , Invited

Mikhail Charnotskii, United StatesDepolarization of Laser Beams in Turbulence , Invited

Weilin Hou, US Naval Research LaboratoryUnited StatesOptical Turbulence in the Ocean , Invited

Olga Korotkova, University of MiamiUnited StatesDeterministic and Random Beam Propagation in Anisotropic Turbulence , Invited

Alex Mahalov, Arizona State UniversityUnited StatesMulti-Scale Modeling of Inhomogeneous Ionospheric Turbulence: Scintillation Producing Irregularities and Stochastic Effects , Invited

Andreas Muschinski, NorthWest Research AssociatesUnited StatesIrradiance and Angle-of-arrival Fluctuations of Light Propagating Horizontally through the Turbulent and Non-turbulent Atmosphere , Invited

Filippus Roux, CSIR National Laser CentreSouth AfricaEvolution Equation for Classical and Quantum Light in Turbulence , Invited

Paolo Villoresi, Universita degli Studi di PadovaItalyFree-Space Quantum Communications based on Orbital Angular Momentum , Invited

David Voelz, New Mexico State UniversityUnited StatesModeling the Electromagnetic Gaussian Schell-Model Source , Invited

Mikhail Vorontsov, University of DaytonUnited StatesFramework for analysis of joint impact of atmospheric turbulence and refractivity on laser beam propagation , Invited

Chair

Steven FiorinoAir Force Institute of Technology, United States
Julie MosesUS Air Force Office of Scientific Res, United States
Denis OeschLEIDOS, United States
Darryl SanchezUS Air Force Research Laboratory, United States

Member

Jeffrey BarchersNutronics Inc, United States
Terry BrennanPrime Plexus, United States
Julian ChristouLarge Binocular Telescope Observatory, United States
Troy EllisUS Air Force, United States
Thomas FarrellUS Air Force Research Laboratory, United States
Szymon GladyszFraunhofer Institute IOSB, Germany
Venkata GudimetlaUS Air Force, United States
Dan HerrickUS Air Force Research Laboratory
Pat KellyUS Air Force Research Laboratory
Charles MatsonUS Air Force Research Laboratory, United States
Kent MillerUS Air Force Office of Scientific Res, United States
Andreas MuschinskiNorthWest Research Associates, United States
Troy RhoadarmerGuidestar Optical Systems, Inc., United States
Jason Schmidt MZA Associates Corporation, United States
Julie SmithUS Air Force Research Laboratory
Knut SolnaUniversity of California Irvine, United States
David VoelzNew Mexico State University, United States
Mikhail VorontsovUniversity of Dayton, United States

Conference Plenary Sessions

Tuesday, 9 June, 08:00 - 09:30
John Mather,  NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, USA
Shree Nayar, Columbia University, USA

Wednesday, 10 June, 09:00 – 10:00
W.E. Moerner, Stanford University, USA


Conference Reception

Monday, 8 June, 19:00 – 20:30
Join your fellow attendees for the Congress Reception. Enjoy delectable fare while networking. The reception is open to committee/presenting author/student and full conference attendees. Conference attendees may purchase extra tickets for their guest.


Joint Poster Session

Tuesday, 9 June, 19:00 – 20:30
Posters are an integral part of the technical program and offer a unique networking opportunity, where presenters can discuss their results one-to-one with interested parties. Each author is provided with a board on which to display the summary and results of his or her paper.

International Year of Light Panel on Freeform Optics
Wednesday, 10 June, 19:30 – 21:30, Salon 4
 
Leads
Jannick Rolland, University of Rochester, USA
Julius Muschaweck, ARRI, Germany
 
Panelists
Angela Davies, UNC at Charlotte, USA
Thomas Dresel, Ametek Zygo, USA
Christoph Menke, Carl Zeiss, Germany
Joseph Owen, UNC at Charlotte, USA
Kevin Thompson, Synopsys, USA

John Mather

NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, USA
Nobel Prize in Physics 2006
The James Webb Space Telescope 

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), planned for launch in October 2018, utilizes high performance imaging optics to see beyond what the great Hubble Space Telescope can see, farther away and farther back in time.   It will be the workhorse telescope for a generation of space astronomers, opening the infrared (0.6-28 µm) window with a 6.6 m aperture cold telescope. To test it end-to-end, we have developed remarkable laser interferometer technologies, with computer-generated holograms to test the primary mirror, and it must all be done cold and in a vacuum tank.  I will outline the mission design, the scientific objectives, and the current status.

John Mather is a Senior Astrophysicist and is the Senior Project Scientist for the James Webb Space Telescope at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) where his research centers on infrared astronomy and cosmology.  He led proposal efforts for the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE), which ultimately enabled the COBE team to show that the cosmic microwave background radiation has a blackbody spectrum within 50 parts per million, confirming the expanding universe model (the Big Bang Theory) and initiating the study of cosmology as a precision science. The COBE team also first mapped the hot and cold spots in the background radiation (anisotropy), now attributed to quantum fluctuations in an inflationary period in the first 10-36 sec of the universe; Stephen Hawking called their discovery “the most important scientific discovery of the century, if not of all time.”

W.E. Moerner

Stanford University, USA
Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry 2014

W. E. Moerner, the Harry S. Mosher Professor of Chemistry and Professor, by courtesy, of Applied Physics at Stanford University, conducts research in physical chemistry and chemical physics of single molecules, single-molecule biophysics, super-resolution imaging and tracking in cells, and trapping of single molecules in solution. His interests span methods of precise quantitation of single-molecule properties, to strategies for three-dimensional imaging and tracking of single molecules, to applications of single-molecule measurements to understand biological processes in cells, to observations of the photodynamics of single photosynthetic proteins and enzymes. He has been elected Fellow/Member of the NAS, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, AAAS, ACS, APS, and The Optical Society. Major awards include the Earle K. Plyler Prize for Molecular Spectroscopy, the Irving Langmuir Prize in Chemical Physics, the Pittsburgh Spectroscopy Award, the Peter Debye Award in Physical Chemistry, the Wolf Prize in Chemistry, and the 2014 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Shree Nayar

Columbia University, USA

Advances in Computational Imaging
Computational imaging uses new optics to capture a coded image, and an appropriate algorithm to decode the captured image. This approach of manipulating images before there are recorded and processing recorded images before they are presented has three key benefits. First, it enables us to implement imaging functionalities that would be difficult, if not impossible, to achieve using traditional imaging. Second, it can be used to significantly reduce the hardware complexity of an imaging system. Lastly, under appropriate imaging conditions, it allows us to break the limits of traditional imaging. In this talk, I'll show recent examples of cameras that demonstrate these benefits.

Shree K. Nayar is the T. C. Chang Professor of Computer Science at Columbia University. He heads the Columbia Vision Laboratory (CAVE), which develops advanced computer vision systems. His research is focused on three areas - the creation of novel cameras that provide new forms of visual information, the design of physics based models for vision and graphics, and the development of algorithms for understanding scenes from images. His work is motivated by applications in the fields of digital imaging, computer graphics, robotics and human-computer interfaces.

Nayar received his PhD degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University. For his research and teaching he has received several honors including the David Marr Prize (1990 and 1995), the David and Lucile Packard Fellowship (1992), the National Young Investigator Award (1993), the NTT Distinguished Scientific Achievement Award (1994), the Keck Foundation Award for Excellence in Teaching (1995), the Columbia Great Teacher Award (2006), and the Carnegie Mellon Alumni Achievement Award (2009). For his contributions to computer vision and computational imaging, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2008, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2011, and the National Academy of Inventors in 2014.