How optical nanostructures and materials improve the efficiency of solar cells and solar concentrator systems.
Photovoltaic solar electricity is one of the key technologies for reducing the world’s reliance on fossil fuels for energy generation. Reduced costs and higher conversion efficiencies are essential for making photovoltaics economically competitive. Optical nanostructures have a major role to play in improving the efficiency of solar cells by increasing the absorption of incident light, especially for thin-film applications. Nanosolar concentrator systems, organic solar cells and dye-sensitized cells also stand to benefit from nanophotonic engineering schemes. Within this context, light management by anophotonic structures on a solar module level also needs to be considered. In addition, the upcoming area of nanophotonic materials for solar hydrogen will also be addressed since nanophotonic materials will play a pivotal role there. Thermophotovoltaics is another area that has been studied for some time but that may receive an important boost from recent developments in plasmonic nanostructures.
The scope of the meeting covers all aspects of photovoltaic efficiency improvement techniques including: