Born in 1947, Alain Aspect is an alumni of ENS Cachan and Université d'Orsay. After three years teaching in Cameroon, he became a lecturer at ENS Cachan, with his research at Institut d'Optique.
In 1985 he took a research position at ENS/Collège de France, with Claude Cohen-Tannoudji.
Since 1992 he has been a CNRS senior researcher (emeritus since 2012), at Institut d'Optique.
He is also a professor at Institut d'Optique Graduate School (Augustin Fresnel chair), and at Ecole Polytechnique, in Palaiseau.
He is a member of the Académie des Sciences (France), Académie des Technologies (France), National Academy of Sciences (USA), OAW (Austria).